Easy Kitchen Science Experiment for Kids:  Fireworks in Milk!

Easy Kitchen Science Experiment for Kids: Fireworks in Milk!

My husband and I both have degrees in science it we love sharing an assortment of fun science experiments with our children.  Kitchen science is the easiest and safest (in general) type of science experiment to share with your kids because the ingredients are usually already found in your pantry or refrigerator.   With kitchen science you do not  have to worry about buying test tubes or figuring out how to dispose of chemicals safely and you can do it with even young children.  Here is an easy kitchen science experiment that will take only minutes to set up but the WOW factor will have your kids amazed!

 

Kitchen Science:  Fireworks in Milk

 

Supplies:

1 cup whole milk

1 dinner sized plate

1 Qtip

a few drops of dish liquid

assorted colors of food coloring (liquid type, not gel)

 

 

Directions:

•Pour milk to cover bottom of plate.
•Add one drop of each of the four colors of food coloring to the milk.
•Keep the drops close together in the center of the plate of milk.
•Predict what will happen when you touch the tip of the Q-tip to the center of the milk.
•Do not stir the mix; just touch it with the tip of the Q-tip.
•Place a drop of liquid soap on the tip of the Q-tip. Place the soapy end of the Q-tip back in the middle of the milk and hold it there for 10 to 15 seconds.
•Notice that the colors in the milk continue to move even when the Q-tip is removed. What makes the food coloring in the milk move?

Why does this science experiment work?

Milk is mostly water but it also contains vitamins, minerals, proteins, and tiny droplets of fat suspended in solution. Fats and proteins are sensitive to changes in the surrounding solution (the milk).When you add soap, the weak chemical bonds that hold the proteins in solution are altered. It’s a free for all! The molecules of protein and fat bend, roll, twist, and contort in all directions. The food color molecules are bumped and shoved everywhere, providing an easy way to observe all the invisible activity. At the same time, soap molecules combine to form a micelle, or cluster of soap molecules. These micelles distribute the fat in the milk.This rapidly mixing fat and soap causes swirling and churning where a micelle meets a fat droplet. When there are micelles and fat droplets everywhere the motion stops, but not until after you’ve enjoyed the show!There’s another reason the colors explode the way they do. Since milk is mostly water, it has surface tension like water. The drops of food coloring floating on the surface tend to stay put. Liquid soap wrecks the surface tension by breaking the cohesive bonds between water molecules and allowing the colors to zing throughout the milk.

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About Diane

Diane is a professional blogger and nationally certified pharmacy technician with two teens, one husband and more pets than she will admit to. She has a bachelor’s degree in Microbiology but left her career in science to become a stay at home mom. Years of playing with Legos and coloring with crayons had her craving a more grown up purpose to her life and she began blogging full time. She currently deals with emotional tweens, suburban politics, and middle aged metabolism while sharing her opinions in an honest and down to earth fashion on her blog.

Comments

  1. You can also do a similar trick with pepper and water. It is set up the same way, but instead of milk you put water, and instead of food coloring you sprinkle pepper all over the surface.

  2. I don’t think I have seen this one but it sounds easy for kids to do. Thanks for the idea!

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